Stephan Klingebiel is Head of Bi and Multilateral Development Cooperation at the German Development Institute (Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik), which is one of the leading think tanks for global development and international cooperation worldwide. The Institute’s work is based on the interplay between research, policy advice and training.
Li Xiaoyu is Professor and former Dean and President of the China International Development Research Network (CIDRN) and Chair of the Network of Southern Think Tanks (NeST), China Agricultural University College of Humanities and Development.
International development cooperation has become much more complex over the last two decades.¹ First of all, current practices provide recipients with more choice when it comes to providers. Namely, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries remain an important foreign aid provider, despite the changing pattern of cooperation, but South-South Cooperation (SSC) providers are now an additional pillar in the new development cooperation architecture, together with other actors such as philanthropic organisations and the private sector.