Published September 2019
The crisis of multilateralism, viewed from the Global South
By Adriana Erthal Abdenur

Adriana Erthal Abdenur is a Brazilian policy expert and Coordinator of the International Peace & Security Division at Igarapé Institute, a think tank based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. She publishes widely on South-South cooperation, global governance, rising powers and international security.

Adriana Erthal Abdenur holds a PhD from Princeton University and a Bachelor’s from Harvard University.

Multilateralism is under attack. A number of prominent leaders from a wide variety of countries, from global powers (the United States) to emerging powers (Brazil and India), criticise major multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and the Bretton Woods institutions. Nationalist movements around the globe fuel mistrust in international cooperation via inter-state platforms. Their leaders argue that, not only is national sovereignty incompatible with multilateralism, it is in fact directly threatened by the latter. They seize upon areas of relative or perceived inefficacy to make umbrella statements questioning the practices, motivations and principles underpinning major multilateral organisations.